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Technology Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
 
Protection strategy Product identification
Type Traceability technology
System Chip
Medium Secondary packaging* (inside or outside)
Authentication/Identificaton Identification
Traceability Yes
Cost Price on request
Required equipment Chip,
RFID readers and associated equipment (to fully automate a warehouse for example)
Vertification level stakeholders of the supply chain (with the correct equipment)
N.B. Currently 25 cents of euros by tag, it would need to be around 5 cents to be considered as a good solution
Description Radio-frequency identification (RFID) is the use of a wireless non-contact system that uses radio-frequency electromagnetic fields to transfer data from a tag attached to an object.
Two types: active and passive. Active tag can be read and updated through the supply chain, the chip will contain the full pedigree, no need of database or other system. On the other hand, a passive tag is read only: it cannot be updated directly on the chip, though the pedigree can be held and updated in a database. Besides, the active tag can have a read range of up to 100 meters while a passive tag have a read range around 3meters.
 
Strengths Fast reading speed;
Ability to be read at distance through packaging;
No direct line of sight required;
Code content can be modified/updated and consulted offline (active tag);
Difficult to reproduce;
High volume of information;
Ease of use in production and in the field;
Possibility to multiple tag simultaneously;
 
Limitations Cost;
Equipment needed to fully automate the process;
Interference with some materials (Faraday cage);
Privacy and data security: counterfeiters could alter or corrupt the data on the chip, the chip can be read at distance by unauthorized persons etc..
 
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