PROBLEMATIC

The fraudulent activity of counterfeit drug trafficking is developing continually, boosted by a number of environmental factors: inadequate legislative apparatus, the extreme profitability of trafficking, poorly informed populations, shortages of medicine, complex supply chains, lack of regulation and control, corruption, porosity at international borders.

There is a real need to fully understand these issues in order to swiftly match them with adequate solutions.

Like all criminal activities (counterfeiting, trafficking in narcotics or weapons, prostitution, human trafficking, etc.), trafficking of counterfeit medicines takes root where the environment is the most propitious.

Small local traffickers and, a fortiori, the international networks of organized crime never fail to exploit weaknesses in national systems and take advantage of the difficulties encountered by the authorities, international organizations and other players engaged in the prevention and dismantling of trafficking.

The combination of the following factors and their uneven distribution from one country to another explain both why some states and their populations are more exposed than others to this type of crime and why the trafficking of counterfeit drugs is expanding significantly throughout the globe.

• Factor 1: An extremely lucrative activity

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• Factor 2: Risks of Punishment are too low
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• Factor 3: The lack of transnational jurisdiction and consensus
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• Factor 4: Deficient health coverage systems
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Factor 5: Highly porous borders
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• Factor 6: The anonymity of the internet
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Factor 7: Vulnerable supply chains
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• Factor 8: The possibility of parallel import trading (see “Parallel imports”)
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• Factor 9: Populations’ lack of awareness and information
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• Factor 10: Lack of means and training of players in the field
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Factor 11: Corruption.
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Factor 12: Insufficient traceability and authentication of drugs
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• Factor 13: Drug shortages and prices that are too high in emerging countries
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