Tracking and condemning fake drug traffickers.
The magnitude of global fake-drug trafficking today makes punishment a compelling need and priority. Successful implementation includes collecting evidence, identifying offenders, arresting them and bringing them to court, and dismantling organized criminal networks.
To be effective, there must be coordinated and simultaneous progress in various areas – the legal framework, investigational practices and the level of cooperation between police forces, customs services, departments of justice and health agencies.
In the fight against crime, countries are sovereign and the authorities responsible for law enforcement (police, customs and justice) are obliged to apply the laws of their country.2.Homogenize national systems of criminal punishment.
As with all fraudulent activities perpetrated by large criminal organizations, trafficking in fake medicines knows no borders. Traffickers benefit from both defects in national legislations that allow their activities to take root locally and the many disparities between national legal frameworks and administrative weaknesses in transnational cooperation. However, since 1988 and the first discussion of counterfeit drugs at the World Health Assembly, major international treaties, partnership agreements and statements of intent signed between countries have, little by little, contributed to an international consensus on the subject.3.Sign an international treaty naming counterfeiting medicines a criminal offense.
Historically, all major threats to the security of goods and persons have lead to international consensus.4.Develop repressive measures
“Pangea” operations coordinated by INTERPOL are international weeks of actions targeting the sale of counterfeit and illicit drugs on the internet. These annual actions bring together customs authorities, health agencies, national policies and private sector players from several countries in the world.
From 30 May to 7 June 2016, 103 countries worked together on the most recent operation, “Pangea IX”. The operation led to 393 arrests worldwide, thesuspension of 4,932 illegal websites and the seizure of over 12 million counterfeit and illicit medicines with an approximate value of $53 million.